Huazing Shipping(China)Ltd.
What is air transport and its characteristics
编辑:小编 时间:2022-12-05

In recent years, with the rapid development of logistics, air transport will also play an important role in freight transport. What is air transport and what are its characteristics? The following is a detailed introduction to Wutong!

What is air transport

Air transport is also known as air transport, abbreviated as "air transport"; Air transportation is a transportation mode that uses aircraft as a means of transportation to transport goods under the conditions of having air routes and airports.

The weight of cargo transported by air is calculated by gross weight. The unit of calculation is kg. If the weight is less than 1kg, it shall be calculated as 1kg. If the weight is more than 1kg, the mantissa shall be rounded off. The weight of each piece of cargo loaded by non wide body aircraft generally does not exceed 80kg, and the volume generally does not exceed 40 * 60 * 100cm. The weight of each piece of cargo loaded by wide body aircraft generally does not exceed 250 kg. The volume generally does not exceed 250 * 200 * 160 cm. The Northwest Company will determine whether to collect and transport the goods exceeding the above weight and volume according to specific conditions. Goods with a volume of more than 6000 cubic centimeters per kilogram shall be counted as light foam goods. Light foam goods shall be measured by converting 6000 cubic centimeters into 1 kilogram.

Air transport characteristics

(1) Commerciality.

The products provided by air transport are a special form of products; Spatial displacement, the product form is to change the spatial displacement of air transport objects, and the product unit is; Person kilometers and; Ton kilometers, the commodity attribute of air transport products is finally realized through the purchase behavior of product users in the air transport market.

(2) Service.

The air transport industry belongs to the tertiary industry and is a service industry. It provides; The quantity of spatial displacement reflects the quantity of service, and the quality of service is reflected by service means and service attitude. This attribute determines that the carrier must constantly expand its capacity to meet the growing demand for products in the society; Passenger No.—, The principle of user first provides users with safe, convenient, comfortable and punctual quality services.

(3) Internationality.

Air transport has become the most important form of transportation in modern society and the link of international political exchanges and economic cooperation. This includes both international friendly cooperation and fierce international competition. Services, freight rates, technical coordination, operation management and the formulation and implementation of laws and regulations are all subject to the constraints of international unified standards and the impact of the international air transport market.

(4) Paramilitary.

Human aviation activities were first put into the military field, and then turned into civilian use. The mastery of air control in modern war is an important factor to obtain the initiative in war. Therefore, many countries have stipulated in their laws that the aircrafts and related personnel owned by air transport enterprises serve the national economic construction in peacetime, and as a military reserve force, civil aviation can be expropriated by the state in accordance with legal procedures in wartime or emergency to serve military needs.

(5) Capital, technology and risk intensity.

The air transport industry is a high input industry. No matter the means of transport or other transport equipment, they are expensive and costly. Therefore, its operation cost is very high. Due to the high technical requirements, complex equipment operation and high interdependence among departments, the air transport industry has a high risk in the operation process. The governments and organizations of any country do not have the corresponding financial resources to subsidize their own air transport enterprises just as they subsidize urban public transport. For this reason, the air transport industry is not considered as a public welfare undertaking in the world, and it must be profitable to maintain its normal operation and development.

(6) Natural monopoly.

Due to the huge investment in the air transport industry, the high concentration of capital, technology and risk, the long investment recovery cycle, the strict restrictions on the qualification of the air transport subject, the high threshold for market access, and historical reasons, the air transport industry has formed a natural monopoly in the development process.

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